Using pensions as an Inheritance Tax planning vehicle

10 September 2018

Many Inheritance Tax (IHT) planning strategies involve making significant payments or property transfers, to reduce the taxable estate. A trust is often used to retain control over the ultimate destination of assets and timing of benefits.

Another option is to use the tax advantages offered by contributions to registered pension schemes for others, with significant potential benefits:

  • The estate of the donor reduces
  • As contributions to a pension scheme are not usually lifetime transfers of value for the purposes of IHT, they are immediately  excluded from the member’s estate
  • Contributions are not limited to £3,600 per annum if the child has earned income
  • Basic rate relief at source from HMRC effectively increases the gift by 25%
  • The recipient, not the contributor, may benefit from a reduction in their tax bill if they are a higher or additional rate payer -  particularly valuable if they are affected by the Child Benefit or other high earner tax traps 
  • The fund enjoys tax-advantaged growth – it suffers no Income Tax or Capital Gains Tax charges
  • It can be used to relieve children and/or grandchildren of the need to fund their pension at a time when their resources may be stretched, but when the benefit of pension contributions could be greatest 
  • The recipient usually has no access to the gift until he/she attains the normal minimum pension age which is currently 55
  • Should the recipient die before age 75, tax-free death benefits may be payable from the pension pot

Example

The table below shows the effect of investing £1,000 per month and the value of the investment remaining in the investor’s estate:

Surplus income per month £1,000

Value (if invested) after 10 years
5% return net of charges, paid monthly in advance (source Prudential 10.8.18)

£155,929

IHT payable on death
(where no Nil Rate Band available) 

£62,372
Net Value after IHT £93,557

 

However, if £1,000 per month is paid into a pension, the fund receives an additional £250 top up from HMRC. The position then would be:

The recipient's tax position  Basic rate taxpayer Higher rate taxpayer Additional rate taxpayer
Accumulated pension fund after 10 years £194,912 £194,912 £194,912
Tax saving for beneficiary in year of contribution £0 £3,000 £3,750

 

Summary

  • IHT saved for ‘the parent’ would be £62,372 assuming 40% IHT rate
  • The accumulated value is greater due to the tax relief at source reclaimed by the pension provider
  • Children with exposure to Income Tax at above basic rate tax will see a further tax saving

The team at Ellacotts would be pleased to discuss how making pension contributions for a child or grandchild could form a valuable Income Tax and Inheritance Tax planning tool for your family. Please contact Chris Slatter on cslatter@ellacottswealth.co.uk or 01295 250401.